Sulawesi Kalosi

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Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee

Description Scheme

Time from Flowers to Be Berry: 9 Months
Production (Kg/Ha): 800 to 1500
Optimal Temperature: 13 to 28°C
Optimal Rainfall: 100 to 3000 mm
Altitude: 1200 to 1700 from Sea Level (asl)
Soil Type: Unfertile to Fertile volcanic soil
Country of Origin: Indonesia
Production Areas: Tana Toraja Highland, South Sulawesi
Caffeine Content: 0.8 to 1.4%
Form of Seeds: Flat with a Clear Midline
Character Stew: Acid & Chocolate
Method of Harvest: Mechanical and Hand Pick
Processing Method
: Wet Hulling Washed Arabica (smallholders)


Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee or Toraja Kalosi Coffee, also known as Celebes coffee, is a highly sought-after variety and one of the rarest Indonesian coffees. Grown in the Tana Toraja Highland of South Sulawesi, this coffee offers a unique and captivating experience for coffee enthusiasts. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, specifications, and production details of Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee, unveiling the secrets behind its delicate flavours and enchanting aromas.

Characteristics of Sulawesi Kalosi Green Coffee Beans

Fragrance/Aroma: Fresh Flower

Arabica Kalosi Coffee is characterized by a fresh and floral fragrance that enchants the senses. As the aroma fills the air, it evokes a sense of tranquillity and anticipation for the delightful flavours to come.

Flavour: Light Bitter Hints and Chocolate

When lightly roasted, Arabica Kalosi Coffee reveals a delicate interplay of flavours. It features subtle hints of bitterness, complemented by the richness of chocolate. This unique combination creates a harmonious flavour profile that delights the palate.

Acidity: Medium to High

The acidity of Arabica Kalosi Coffee ranges from medium to high. This lively acidity adds vibrancy and brightness to the cup, enhancing the overall taste experience. The balance between acidity and other flavour notes creates a well-rounded and pleasing sensation.

Body: Medium

With a medium body, Arabica Kalosi Coffee offers a satisfying mouthfeel. It is neither too heavy nor too light, striking a perfect balance. The medium body allows the flavours to unfold gently, providing a delightful drinking experience.

Specifications of Sulawesi Kalosi Green Coffee Beans

Specific specifications are followed during its production to ensure the consistency and quality of Sulawesi/Toraja Kalosi Coffee. These specifications outline the beans’ size, moisture content, triage, and defect value, guaranteeing a premium product.

Screen Size: 15-19

Arabica Kalosi Coffee beans have a screen size range of 15-19, which ensures their optimal size and quality. This classification ensures uniformity in brewing and contributes to the coffee’s overall aroma and flavour profile.

Moisture: Maximum 13%

The moisture content of Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans is carefully controlled, with a maximum limit of 13%. This moisture level preserves the beans’ freshness, allowing them to retain their unique aromas and flavours, resulting in an exceptional coffee experience.

Triage: 8-10%

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans undergo meticulous triaging, with an 8-10% triage rate. This process involves sorting and removing defective or low-quality beans, ensuring that only the finest beans are selected for roasting.

Defect Value: Maximum 11

The defect value of Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans is set at a maximum of 11. This stringent quality control measure ensures that only beans of the highest standard are included, guaranteeing a superior cup of coffee.

Description Scheme of Sulawesi Kalosi Green Coffee Beans

To understand Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee comprehensively, let’s delve into its description scheme, which covers aspects such as production details, optimal growing conditions, and processing methods.

Time from Flowers to Berry: 9 Months

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans require approximately 9 months to transition from flowers to berries. This extended growth period allows the beans to develop unique flavours and aromas, producing a genuinely distinctive coffee.

Production: 800 to 1500 Kg/Ha

The production of Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee ranges from 800 to 1500 kilograms per hectare. This moderate yield allows careful attention to each coffee plant, ensuring the highest quality beans and consistent flavour profiles.

Optimal Temperature: 13 to 28°C

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee thrives in temperatures ranging from 13 to 28 degrees Celsius. These optimal temperature conditions provide the beans with the ideal environment for their development, allowing them to reach their full potential in terms of flavours and aromas.

Optimal Rainfall: 100 to 3000 mm

The ideal rainfall range for cultivating Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee is between 100 and 3000 millimetres. This level of rainfall ensures that the coffee plants receive adequate moisture, promoting healthy growth and the development of flavours within the beans.

Altitude: 1200 to 1700 meters above Sea Level (asl)

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee is cultivated at altitudes from 1200 to 1700 meters above sea level. The higher elevation contributes to the unique characteristics of the beans, including the delicate flavours and nuanced aromas that make this coffee exceptional.

Soil Type: Unfertile to Fertile Volcanic Soil

The coffee plantations that produce Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee are in various soil types, from unfertile to fertile volcanic soil. These diverse soil conditions contribute to the beans’ distinct characteristics, offering a unique flavour profile that sets them apart.

Country of Origin: Indonesia

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee proudly originates from Indonesia, a country known for its rich coffee heritage and exceptional coffee production. The Indonesian coffee industry has a long-standing tradition of cultivating high-quality beans, and Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee exemplifies this dedication to excellence.

Production Areas: Tana Toraja Highland, South Sulawesi

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee is predominantly cultivated in the picturesque Tana Toraja Highland of South Sulawesi. This region’s unique climate and geography contribute to the distinctive qualities of the coffee, making it an accurate representation of the terroir.

Caffeine Content: 0.8 to 1.4%

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans contain a caffeine content ranging from 0.8% to 1.4%. This moderate caffeine level provides a pleasant and refreshing coffee experience without overpowering the flavours and aromas present in the cup.

Form of Seeds: Flat with a Clear Midline

The seeds of Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans have a flat shape with a clear midline, adding visual appeal to the beans. This unique form distinguishes them from other coffee varieties and contributes to their overall aesthetic quality.

Character Stew: Acid and Chocolate

A beautiful balance between acidity and chocolate flavours characterizes Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee. The acidity brings brightness and liveliness to the cup, while the chocolate notes add depth and richness. This combination creates a captivating and well-rounded coffee experience.

Method of Harvest: Mechanical and Hand-Picked

During Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee’s harvest, mechanical and hand-picking methods are employed. This meticulous approach ensures that only ripe and high-quality beans are selected, contributing to the exceptional flavour and aroma of the final product.

Processing Method: Wet Hulling Washed Arabica (smallholders)

Sulawesi Kalosi Coffee beans undergo a specific processing method known as wet hulling washed Arabica, primarily employed by smallholders. This method involves removing the coffee cherry’s outer layers, washing, and hulling. The wet hulling process accentuates the beans’ unique flavours and characteristics, producing a genuinely distinctive coffee.


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