Sulawesi Toraja


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sulawesi toraja coffee

Description Scheme

Time from Flowers to Be Berry: 9 Months
Production (Kg/Ha): 800 to 1500
Optimal Temperature: 13 to 28°C
Optimal Rainfall: 100 to 3000 mm
Altitude: 1200 to 1700 from Sea Level (asl)
Soil Type: Infertile to Fertile volcanic Soils
Country of Origin: Indonesia
Production Areas: Tana Toraja Highland, South Sulawesi
Caffeine Content: 0.8 to 1.4%
Form of Seeds: Flat with a Clear Midline
Character Stew: Acid & Chocolate
Method of Harvest: Mechanical and Hand Pick
Processing Method: Fully Washed (Estate) and Wet Huling Washed Process (Smallholders)


Sulawesi Toraja Coffee, grown in South Sulawesi’s mountainous Tana Toraja region, has gained global recognition for its unique flavour profile and exceptional quality. Renowned for its vibrant acidity and distinct earthy notes, Toraja coffee is a testament to Indonesian coffee production’s artistry and craftsmanship. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, specifications, and production details of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee, revealing the secrets behind its captivating aroma and rich flavours.

Characteristics of Sulawesi Toraja Green Coffee Beans (Grade 1)

Fragrance/Aroma: Spicy Fruity, Excellent Aroma

Sulawesi Toraja Coffee is characterized by a spicy, fruity fragrance that is truly captivating. With its excellent aroma, this coffee delights the senses and sets the stage for a remarkable coffee-drinking experience.

Flavour: Herbal, Earthy, Spicy, Sometimes Caramel Dark Chocolate Light

The flavour profile of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee is a harmonious blend of herbal, earthy, and spicy notes. The coffee may occasionally exhibit hints of caramel and dark chocolate, adding depth and complexity to its overall taste profile. This intricate combination of flavours offers a truly unique and memorable coffee experience.

Acidity: High

One of the distinguishing features of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee is its relatively high acidity. This vibrant acidity provides a lively and stimulating sensation on the palate, contributing to the overall brightness and complexity of the coffee.

Body: High

With a high body, Sulawesi Toraja Coffee offers a full and robust mouthfeel. The coffee’s substantial body adds depth and richness, creating a satisfying and indulgent drinking experience.

Specifications of Sulawesi Toraja Green Coffee Beans (Grade 1)

Specific specifications are adhered to during its production to ensure the quality and consistency of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee. These specifications outline the size, moisture content, triage, and defect value of the beans, guaranteeing a superior product.

Screen Size: 15-19

Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans are classified within the screen size range of 15 to 19. This classification ensures uniformity in size and quality, contributing to the coffee’s overall visual appeal and brewing consistency.

Moisture: Maximum 13%

The moisture content of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans is carefully controlled, with a maximum limit of 13%. This moisture level ensures the beans’ freshness and longevity, preserving their distinct flavours and aromas until they reach the cup.

Triage: 8-10%

During production, Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans undergo meticulous triaging, with an 8-10% rate. This sorting process ensures that only the highest-quality beans are selected, providing a superior cup of coffee.

Defect Value: Maximum 11

The defect value of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans is set at a maximum of 11. This strict quality control measure ensures that only beans free from defects or imperfections are included in the final product, guaranteeing a premium and flawless coffee experience.

Description Scheme of Sulawesi Toraja Green Coffee Beans

To understand Sulawesi Toraja Coffee comprehensively, let’s delve into its description scheme, which covers aspects such as production details, optimal growing conditions, and processing methods.

Time from Flowers to Berry: 9 Months

Toraja Coffee beans require approximately 9 months from the flowering stage to the formation of berries. This extended period allows the beans to develop their complex flavours and aromas, producing a truly excellent coffee.

Production: 800 to 1500 Kg/Ha

The production of Toraja Coffee typically ranges from 800 to 1500 kilograms per hectare. This moderate production level ensures that attention to detail is given to each coffee plant, enabling the cultivation of high-quality beans with exceptional flavours.

Optimal Temperature: 13 to 28°C

Sulawesi Toraja Coffee thrives within a temperature range of 13 to 28 degrees Celsius. These optimal temperature conditions give the beans the ideal environment for their growth and development, allowing them to express their unique flavour characteristics.

Optimal Rainfall: 100 to 3000 mm

The optimal rainfall range for cultivating Toraja Coffee is between 100 and 3000 millimetres. This level of rainfall ensures that the coffee plants receive adequate moisture, promoting healthy growth and the development of flavours within the beans.

Altitude: 1200 to 1700 meters above Sea Level (asl)

Toraja Coffee is cultivated at altitudes from 1200 to 1700 meters above sea level. The higher elevation contributes to the unique characteristics of the beans, including their vibrant acidity and distinct earthy notes.

Soil Type: Infertile to Fertile Volcanic Soils

The coffee plantations that produce Toraja Coffee are in various soil types, from infertile to fertile volcanic soils. These diverse soil conditions contribute to the beans’ distinct flavour profile and overall quality, showcasing the influence of terroir on the final cup.

Country of Origin: Indonesia

Toraja Coffee proudly originates from Indonesia, a country known for its rich coffee heritage and exceptional coffee production. The Indonesian coffee industry has a long-standing tradition of cultivating high-quality beans, and Sulawesi Toraja Coffee exemplifies this commitment to excellence.

Production Areas: Tana Toraja Highland, South Sulawesi

The picturesque Tana Toraja Highland in South Sulawesi is the primary production area for Sulawesi Toraja Coffee. The region’s unique climate, altitude, and fertile volcanic soils contribute to the coffee’s exceptional quality and distinct flavour profile.

Caffeine Content: 0.8 to 1.4%

Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans contain a caffeine content ranging from 0.8% to 1.4%. This moderate caffeine level provides a balanced and refreshing coffee experience, allowing the flavours and aromas of the beans to shine through.

Form of Seeds: Flat with a Clear Midline

The seeds of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans have a flat shape with an apparent midline. This distinctive form adds visual appeal to the beans and differentiates them from other coffee varieties, further highlighting their uniqueness.

Character Stew: Acid & Chocolate

Sulawesi Toraja Coffee is characterized by its acid and chocolate character stew. The acidity brings liveliness and brightness to the cup, while the chocolate notes provide depth and richness, resulting in a well-balanced and enjoyable coffee experience.

Method of Harvest: Mechanical and Hand-Picked

During the harvest of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee, mechanical and hand-picking methods are employed. This meticulous approach ensures that only ripe and high-quality beans are selected, contributing to the exceptional flavour and aroma of the final product.

Processing Method: Fully Washed (Estate) and Wet Hulling Washed Process (Smallholders)

Depending on the production scale, Sulawesi Toraja Coffee beans undergo a specific processing method. A thoroughly washed process is employed for estate-grown coffee, ensuring the beans are meticulously cleaned. Smallholders often utilize a wet hulling washed process, which imparts distinct qualities to the beans. These processing methods contribute to the unique flavour profiles and overall quality of Sulawesi Toraja Coffee.


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